May 23, 2024
Bitcoin Halving to Drive Greener Mining Practices
Bitcoin Halving

Bitcoin Halving to Drive Greener Mining Practices

The impending Bitcoin block reward halving is poised to usher in a new era of sustainability within the BTC mining industry, as miners seek more eco-friendly energy sources to maintain profitability. As the reward for mining a block is set to decrease from 6.25 BTC to 3.125 BTC, coupled with a steady rise in Bitcoin’s hash rate, mining firms are bracing for potential profitability declines.

Matteo Greco, a research analyst at Fineqia International, predicts that this shift in mining economics will drive companies to prioritize capital efficiency by tapping into sustainable energy reservoirs. Greco emphasized, “This dynamic compels mining companies to optimize capital efficiency and seek cheaper electricity sources, leading to an increasing use of renewable energy in BTC mining.”

Bitcoin’s Path to Sustainability

Criticism surrounding Bitcoin’s energy consumption and reliance on fossil fuels has been persistent. However, recent data indicates a positive shift towards sustainability. According to the Bitcoin ESG Forecast, authored by Daniel Batten, managing partner of CH4 Capital, over 54.5% of Bitcoin’s energy consumption has been sourced from renewables since January 2024.

Greco attributes this trend to the inherent incentives within Bitcoin mining mechanics, which drive efficiency improvements with each step. He stated, “The BTC mining rewards mechanism inherently drives greater efficiency with each step, enhancing network security, reducing carbon emissions, and promoting research into sustainable block confirmation methods.”

China’s Role in Green Mining

Despite China’s ban on Bitcoin mining, the country continues to hold a significant stake in the global Bitcoin hash rate, accounting for approximately 15%. Batten’s Bitcoin ESG Forecast highlights a notable shift towards greener practices post-ban.

Batten explained, “No off-grid coal-based mining occurs anymore. It’s too easy to spot, it competes for baseload energy and interferes with the central government’s emission targets. This has caused a significant reduction of the emission intensity of the Chinese mining post-ban.”

Source: ESG Forecast

Chinese miners have pivoted towards hydroelectric power, particularly during the wet months in regions like Xi’an, Wuhan, Bejing, and Xining. This transition underscores a commitment to sustainability while ensuring cost-effectiveness.

Additionally, a considerable number of retail participants in China are mining Bitcoin at a loss as an avenue to convert Chinese yuan to USD, bypassing financial restrictions. Batten noted, “Many retail miners are happy to take the profitability hit simply to have a way to convert Yuan to USD.”

Source: ESG Forecast


The forthcoming Bitcoin halving presents an opportunity for the mining industry to embrace greener practices, driven by economic incentives and environmental consciousness. With a growing emphasis on renewable energy sources and efficiency improvements, Bitcoin mining is poised to become more sustainable, aligning with global efforts to combat climate change.

Image by on Freepik

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